10 Things You Should Know About a Testamentary Trust

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With so many types of trusts out there, you might be wondering what sets a testamentary trust apart from the rest. Below you’ll find answers to commonly asked questions regarding the testamentary trust. As always, if you have further questions regarding wills and estate planning, contact LegalZoom for more information.

1. What is a testamentary trust?
A testamentary trust is a trust contained in a will that provides for the distribution of all or part of an estate and often proceeds from a life insurance policy held on the person establishing the trust. There may be more than one testamentary trust per will.

2. Who are testamentary trusts created for?

Generally testamentary trusts are created for young children, relatives with disabilities, or others who may inherit a large sum of money that enters the estate upon the testator’s death.

3. How is a testamentary trust created?

A testamentary trust is provided for in a will by the “settlor,” who appoints a “trustee” to manage the funds in the trust until the “beneficiary,” or person receiving the money, takes over.

4. When is a testamentary trust created?
The trust kicks in at the death of the person who has created it for the benefit of his or her children or others; note this differs from “inter vivos” trusts, which are created during the lifetime of the settlor.

5. How long does a testamentary trust last?
A testamentary trust lasts until it expires, which is provided for in its terms. Typical expiration dates may be when the beneficiary turns 25 years old, graduates from university, or gets married.

6. What is the probate court's role in a testamentary trust?

From the time of the settlor's death until the expiration of the testamentary trust, the probate court checks up on the trust to make sure it is being handled properly. Depending on how long this time frame lasts, legal fees could add up, so this should be a consideration when deciding whether to opt for a testamentary trust.

7. Who can be the trustee of a testamentary trust?
The person creating the trust may choose anyone, but it should be someone the person trusts to act in the best interests of the children or others receiving the trust funds. If, for any reason, the person chosen declines to take on the responsibility of trustee, someone else may volunteer or the court will appoint a trustee.

8. Does the trustee have to honor the terms set out for expenditures in the will?
Not necessarily, which is why it’s crucial that the settlor chooses someone trustworthy.

9. When does it make sense to opt for a testamentary trust?
Generally, if the person’s estate is small in comparison to the potential life insurance proceeds or other amounts that will be paid to the estate at death, a testamentary trust may be advisable.

10. How much does it cost to set up a testamentary trust?

It is generally inexpensive to include testamentary trust provisions during will preparation.