Articles of Incorporation
The Articles of Incorporation (in some states referred to as the Certificate or the Certificate of Incorporation) is the document that is filed with the appropriate state agency to start the corporation. In most states, this agency is the Secretary of State but may be called the Department of State, the Division of Corporations, or some similar name.
In many cases, the Articles of Incorporation legally needs to contain only a few basic statements. Some corporations have lengthy Articles of Incorporation, but this just makes it harder to make changes in the corporate structure. It is usually better to keep the Articles short and put the details in the bylaws.