You've probably noticed phrases like "All Rights Reserved" or "Copyright 2020," or perhaps the copyright symbol and a date at the bottom of a website.
But what do these words really mean on a website? Do you need to copyright your website? Here's the inside scoop on what a copyright is and when you need to register your website with the US Copyright Office.
What is Copyright?
Copyright falls under the auspices of intellectual property law and protects the rights of creators of original works of authorship whether the work in question is published or not.
Original works of authorship include literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and photography.
By law, when something is written, drawn, photographed, etc., the author automatically owns its copyright. In other words, copyright exists at the moment the work is created.
Registering a copyright with the US Copyright Office is voluntary. Copyright protection exists without registration; however, your work must be registered before you can file a copyright infringement case in a US court.
Also, registration of copyright makes it easier to prove ownership of your work in the event of an infringement. It allows you to collect more damages from the infringer. While the concept of copyright is fairly clear-cut when it comes to literary works like books, it's less clear regarding websites and the information contained therein. See also: "Copyright Basics."
Why Should I Worry About Registering a Copyright?
In the past, the only people who had to worry about copyrights were writers, artists, musicians, and others in related professions.
Today, with the onset of digital media, it's a different story. Many people who wouldn't call themselves writers or artists have personal or business-related websites that contain written material, photographs, or graphics that are original works and therefore eligible for copyright registration.
The code and design elements of websites can also be copyrighted by their owners. Website publishers are often victims of copyright infringement by unknowing or unscrupulous individuals who think nothing of copying someone else's work and passing it off as their own.
Unfortunately, it's almost impossible to prevent infringement completely, but marking your website material with "All Rights Reserved" or using the copyright symbol can be enough of a deterrent to prevent many potential offenders from stealing your work.
You may display the copyright symbol or language claiming copyright even if you choose not to register your work.
Should I Register the Copyright to My Website?
Copyright violation is always illegal, but it can be difficult to prosecute offenders without copyright registration, which establishes a public record of ownership.
In addition, owners of registered works may be eligible for statutory damages and attorney's fees in successful litigation against infringers. All websites and their content are inherently copyrighted, provided they are original works.
Whether you decide to complete copyright registration for your website is your choice. If your website's content is valuable to you, financially or otherwise, or if you feel you need to protect your website and its contents for legal reasons, then taking a few minutes to register the copyright to your website is probably worthwhile.