Dealing with debt collectors, harassment or the theft of your work can be stressful. If you or your business has experienced this sort of activity, sending a cease-and-desist letter can help you communicate with the offending party before you bring legal action.
Types and Elements of Cease-and-Desist Letters
In many situations, a cease-and-desist letter is an appropriate first step when you want to ask someone to stop engaging in an activity that violates your rights. Here are four of the most common uses of a cease-and-desist letter:
- Stop harassment from debt collectors
- Stop trademark and copyright infringement
- Stop libel or slander
- Stop personal harassment
Because the purpose of each cease-and-desist letter is different, you'll need to add different elements. If you are writing the letter yourself, you should include the following information:
- Your name and contact information
- Name and contact information of the person or business being asked to stop the behavior
- Specifics about the activity you wish them to stop
- Warning that legal action will follow if the activity does not stop
- Deadline to comply
You do not need to reinvent the wheel. You can find online cease-and-desist forms ready for you to fill in the blanks.
How to Serve a Cease-and-Desist Letter
No specified method of delivery is required for a cease-and-desist letter. Because it is not a legal document, you can write and send the letter yourself without the help of a legal professional, or you can hire an attorney to write and serve the letter for you.
How you deliver the letter depends on the situation being addressed. You can serve it via mail, email, an attorney and, in some cases, in person. However you choose to serve the letter, keep a record of delivery and receipt by the offending party.
If you are sending the cease-and-desist letter yourself, send it via certified mail so that you have a record of delivery. You can also require a signature confirmation. With intellectual-property infringement, such as a trademark or copyright violation, sending an email to the person or company suffices and may get an immediate response.
It can also be helpful to follow up via phone or email to confirm that the letter was received and ask how and when they plan to remedy the situation.
A Cease-and-Desist Letter vs. a Cease-and-Desist Order
Many people use the terms cease-and-desist letter and cease-and-desist order interchangeably but one significant difference should not be overlooked.
A cease-and-desist letter has no legal standing. It is merely a warning and a request to stop the offending behavior before legal action is taken. If the party continues the offending activity, the letter may help you get a cease-and-desist order, which is granted by the court. The order requires the party to stop the offending behavior until a trial can be held and the facts determined.
Sending a cease-and-desist letter is an accessible option for most people who are experiencing an offending behavior or activity. It can be a valuable tool in your arsenal to protect both your legal rights and those of your business.