There are definite benefits to setting up a living trust, and creating a living trust on your own means you can save on legal bills. Here's what you need to know to create one.
What Is a Living Trust?
A living trust is a legal document that takes control of some of your assets during your lifetime. You choose a trustee who controls the trust and transfers the assets to the beneficiaries you choose. The assets in a trust pass outside of probate and outside of your will.
A living trust is often referred to as a revocable living trust, which is set up so that you can change your mind about the trust at any time, revoke it, or make alterations to it.
What Is a Do-It-Yourself Living Trust?
When you create a DIY living trust, there are no attorneys involved in the process. You will need to choose a trustee who will be in charge of managing the trust assets and distributing them.
You generally name yourself as the initial trustee. It’s important to name an alternate or successor trustee so there is a backup. It is also possible to choose a company, such as a bank or a trust company, to be your trustee. You’ll also need to choose your beneficiary or beneficiaries, the person or people who will receive the assets in your trust. For many people, this is a spouse or family member.
What Goes Into a Trust?
Once you decide who you want to be involved in your trust, you have to choose the assets that will go into the trust. You can select any assets you want, but most people choose real estate, investments or bank accounts. To place the assets in the trust, you need to change the legal ownership of the assets from your name to that of the trustee. So for real estate, you will need a new deed. For financial accounts, you transfer the ownership to the trustee as well
Creating the Trust
After you’ve made the important decisions about what will be in the trust and who will be involved in it, you’re ready to prepare the document itself, which is called a trust agreement or declaration of trust. This document identifies the trustee and beneficiaries. The agreement sets up the rules for the trust and describes how the trustee is instructed to distribute the assets and what authority he or she has over those assets.
Once you have the trust prepared, you have to execute it. This means that you must sign it in front of a notary public and/or witnesses (this varies by state, so make sure you understand the requirements). You don’t have to file the trust with any court or agency, just keep in a secure location with fairly easy access. Creating a living trust on your own is an easy way to create a plan for the management and distribution of some of your assets.