Are parents legally responsible if their kid is a bully?

Can you be held responsible if your kid is a bully?

by Michelle Kaminsky, Esq.
updated November 09, 2022 ·  1min read

Bullying has become a disturbing trend, and state legislatures respond with increasingly stricter anti-bullying laws, such as "Phoebe's Law" in Massachusetts, named for a 15-year-old girl who killed herself after being bullied.

These law changes may make parents wonder about their legal responsibilities for their children's behavior — and rightfully so.

What follows is a brief guide to parents' legal responsibilities regarding bullying.

Look to state law

States govern both tort and criminal law, so you must look to your own state's legislation to determine your legal responsibilities regarding your children's behavior.

According to Love Our Children USA, state laws vary greatly, but 47 states do have some parental liability law.

In those states, parents may be held responsible for negligent or intentional acts as well as for crimes of their children.

Generally, parents may be responsible for their "minor" children's behavior — the definition of which also varies by state — although liability usually does not attach until the child is between the ages of eight and 10.

In civil suits against parents, some states place limits on damages, but several don't. In particular, claims have been brought against parents of alleged bullies based on intentional infliction of emotional distress under homeowner's insurance policies; negligent supervision is another possible cause of action.

But parental responsibility may extend beyond monetary damages and into criminal liability, depending on how far the bullying has gone. In California, for example, it is a crime for parents to fail to "exercise reasonable care, supervision, protection, and control" over their children, and one of the possible penalties is incarceration. Across the country, parents may also be held responsible for paying juvenile court fees and even performing community service themselves when their children commit crimes or other delinquent acts.

Avoiding liability

The best way for you to avoid any liability for your child's actions is to talk to them about the dangers of bullying and be available to your children to discuss such issues. Love Our Children USA provides advice on What Parents Can Do to Stop Bullies

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Michelle Kaminsky, Esq.

About the Author

Michelle Kaminsky, Esq.

Freelance writer and editor Michelle Kaminsky, Esq. has been working with LegalZoom since 2004. She earned a Juris Docto… Read more

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of the author, not LegalZoom, and have not been evaluated by LegalZoom for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.