Do I need an LLC to start a business?

You don't need an LLC to start a business, but, for many businesses the benefits of an LLC far outweigh the cost and hassle of setting one up.

Ready to start your business?

4.5 out of 5 stars. Read reviews for average rating value is 4.5 of 5. Read 61507 Reviews Same page link.
4.5 stars
Five coworkers are meeting around a table in their new office after forming an LLC.

by Jane Haskins, Esq.
updated January 11, 2023 ·  3min read


An LLC, or limited liability company, provides personal liability protection and a formal business structure. You can also get those things by forming a corporation or other type of business entity. It's also perfectly legal to open a business without setting up any formal structure. You'll gain simplicity but miss out on some key protections.

Here's a look at the risks and benefits of starting a business without an LLC.

Two women whiteboard notes

Starting a business without an LLC

If you don't form an LLC, there are two types of legal options for running your business. The first is to file paperwork with your state to establish another type of business entity such as a corporation or limited liability partnership.

Each business entity type has its own benefits, but all of them have one key feature: They limit your liability for business debts. 

Your other choice is to operate your business without creating a formal business entity at all. If you are the only owner, you'll be a sole proprietor. If you own your business with one or more other people, you will be a general partnership. Going this route has a few advantages:

  • Ease. You can be up and running without having to file documents with the state. However, you may still need a business license or permits from your locality and, if your business name isn't the same as your own name, you may have to register a fictitious name, or DBA ("doing business as").
  • Inexpensive. You won't have to pay your state's business formation fee or annual reporting fee. You also won't need to pay someone to act as your registered agent.
  • Proof of concept. This may be especially appealing if your new business is a solo side gig and you're not sure you'll really make much money. You can always decide to form an LLC later.

Starting a business without an LLC does, however, carry significant risks, especially if you have business partners or employees.

Risks of starting a business without an LLC

If you don't form an LLC or other business entity, you leave your personal finances vulnerable to business problems, and your operations may suffer from the lack of formal structure.

Disadvantages of starting a business without an LLC include:

  • Personal liability. If you're a sole proprietor or general partner and your business is sued or has unpaid creditors, you personally face liability. Everything you own is at risk. You also may be liable for business-related activities of your co-owners and employees. An LLC changes the equation. As an LLC owner, you might lose everything you have invested in the business, but your personal home, bank account, and other assets are protected. This is one of the main benefits of an LLC or other business entity.
  • Lack of structure. Many business partners don't give much thought to the details of how to divide responsibilities, profits, and losses, or what will happen if there are disagreements or someone wants to leave. These issues will come up eventually. Your LLC operating agreement sets up rules and a framework that can minimize expensive conflicts later.
  • Limited funding. Banks and investors may be reluctant to loan or invest money in a sole proprietorship or general partnership.
  • Proprietary name. Two business entities can't have the same name in the same state, and forming an LLC helps ensure that the name you have chosen is unique, and will stay that way.

LegalZoom can help you start an LLC quickly and easily. Get started by answering a few simple questions. We'll assemble your documents and file them directly with the Secretary of State. You'll receive your completed LLC package by mail.

Ready to start your LLC? LEARN MORE
Jane Haskins, Esq.

About the Author

Jane Haskins, Esq.

Jane Haskins is a freelance writer who practiced law for 20 years. Jane has litigated a wide variety of business dispute… Read more

This portion of the site is for informational purposes only. The content is not legal advice. The statements and opinions are the expression of the author, not LegalZoom, and have not been evaluated by LegalZoom for accuracy, completeness, or changes in the law.